Bride-to-be price re payment is a sex problem with implications on sex relations in various socio-cultural contexts.

Bride-to-be price re payment is a sex problem with implications on sex relations in various socio-cultural contexts.

Dan K Kaye

1 Makerere University Medical class, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

In addition it impacts Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights. In a study that is qualitative the perceptions of domestic physical violence in Wakiso district, payment of bride cost emerged among the important aspects connected with domestic physical physical violence. The research explored experiences, motivations, meanings, consequences and reproductive health implications of bride cost re payment in Wakiso region Uganda.

10 single-sex focus team discussions and 14 in-depth interviews were conducted in Wakiso and Nangabo sub-counties, Wakiso region from July 2003 through March 2004. Information had been analyzed by thematic analysis that is content assisted by effortless Text pc pc software for information retrieval.

Participants sensed bride cost as showing that a female ended up being ‘bought’ in to the guy’s home, which paid down her household decision-making functions. It restricted ladies' self-reliance and perpetuated unequal gender energy relations, particularly regarding behaviour that is health-seeking.


Bride-to-be price payment is really a factor that is contextual the city in Wakiso District, Uganda, regarded as related to domestic physical violence, with severe intimate and reproductive wellness implications.


Historically, gift trade was a essential important component of marriage rites and ceremonies in African tradition. It involves change of materials or funds from the person’s to the girl home, but methods differ between communities. In many, its males people whom be involved in discussions that figure out what, just how much and just how this kind of re re payment is created. Domestic physical violence is typical in Uganda, a study that is hospital-based women that are pregnant 3 revealed a prevalence of 57%, but only some research reports have explored the context by which domestic physical violence does occur in Uganda. 1 , 2 facets that influence a tradition of physical violence had been categorized by Barzellato 4 into originating, promoting and assisting facets. Consequently, physical violence arises from break down of social integration mechanisms, accompanied by weakening of this family members' role in socializing individuals and lastly promoted by lack of mechanisms for calm quality of conflict 4 .

Heise 5 proposed a framework for analyzing determinants of domestic physical physical physical violence since the interplay of individual, situational and socio-cultural facets. Out of this model 5 , physical physical physical violence outcomes from relationship of facets at various amounts of the environment that is social which range from biological/personal facets, relationship facets and formal/informal organizations where the relationship happens. Bride price re re payment might be among the factors that apply in this environmental model.

Bride-to-be price re re payment has implications on sex relations, values, objectives and roles. In her own ethnographic studies in Kiisi District in Kenya, Silberschmidt 6 conceptualized violence as a challenge of change from old-fashioned to society. She discovered that males did actually have forfeit identification and their place asian dating ended up being weakened by changed sex relations modernization that is following ensuing into gender antagonism regarding recognized functions.

In a qualitative study carried away by us on perceptions and experiences of domestic physical physical physical violence in Wakiso region, re re payment of bride cost emerged among the facets connected with domestic violence. Bride-to-be price re re re payment has implications on gender relations in numerous contexts that are socio-cultural effects Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights. The aim of this scholarly research would be to explore perceptions of bride cost re re payment and implications on reproductive wellness in Wakiso region, Uganda. Ethical clearance to hold out of the research had been acquired from Makerere University Ethics and analysis Committee, Karolinska Institute Ethics Committee, neighborhood authorities in Wakiso region and Uganda nationwide Council of Science and tech. Both community and individual participants' informed consent were acquired.

Wakiso region in central Uganda surrounds the administrative centre city, Kampala. It offers areas with markedly different development that is socioeconomic which range from peri-urban suburbs to typically rural areas. Nangabo and Nabweru sub-counties were the environment of the research. The populace is heterogeneous, 2 the majority is Baganda, a group that is bantu-speaking though many inhabitants realize or talk Luganda, a Bantu language dialect. The tiniest administrative product in the district, the area Council 1, has nine jobs of what type is reserved for females to manage household and sex problems.

Ten single-sex focus team conversations (FGDs) carried out as follows: 3 and 2 with women and men aged 16–30 and above three decades correspondingly in 4 purposivelyselected parishes (peri-urban and rural). Individuals had been identified by the very first writer assisted by civic leaders from various villages per parish. Purposive variation that is maximum sampling offered diversity regarding ages, marital status and socio-economic history of participants, and afterwards diverse views and views. The author that is first many discussions, while research assistants (both mid-wives) acted as note-takers. In 4 FGDs, (2 with women and men individually) the above functions were reversed. From recommendations and views that emerged through the FGDs, in-depth interviews had been carried out with 12 purposively-selected individuals who represent ‘gate keepers’ (people identified because of the communities as key sources of information). These included civic leaders, females council that is local, religious leaders, heads of Nongovernment companies and wellness employees. FGDs had been carried out in Luganda while in-depth interviews had been carried out either in English or Luganda. All interviews and FGDs had been tape recorded. The details had been transcribed before interpretation into English. Field records had been useful to ascribe quotations. Analysis ended up being by thematic content analysis employing phenomenological and hermeneutical views. Systematic contrast of rising codes and groups across texts as described by Corbin 7 and Creswell 8 ended up being done, with the Text that is easy) pc pc software for information retrieval.

Though there have been no differences that are marked views expressed by individuals from rural when compared with periurban areas, perceptions and interpretations varied somehow with intercourse and age-group. Probed about motivations for bride cost payment, participants identified this as importance of social safety and increased status among peers and community members. How much money or product gift suggestions exchanged additionally the value mounted on them by the community had been symbolic of exactly just exactly what the lady will probably be worth. Present trade increases prestige regarding the couple and their particular families, as exemplified by the quotation that is following one FGD:

‘—men who is able to offer gift suggestions or bride cost could be more determined to marry or be marriageable (and) are far more seriously interested in wedding’ ( Young woman that is married

For females, having been taken care of enhances their social status, especially where they prefer the connection. For a few guys and also the almost all females across all many years, bride price re payment had been seen as an illustration that people whom spend it are more inclined to maintain the marital relationship. Rich males and people whom could manage a high bride cost had been regarded as more qualified as marital lovers, as one respondent place it:

Many women would you like to opt for older lovers whom offer product benefits. But, many go after young or primary boyfriends with who they maintain an even more serious relationship with intention of later on wedding, it(bride price payment)’ (FGD, old woman if they can afford)